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九星在不同领域的不同名称

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1.jpg

  天枢~等星:2m            绝对星等:-0.89M
  天璇~等星:2.3m          绝对星等:0.36M
  天玑~等星:2.4m          绝对星等:0.37M
  天权~等星:3.3m          绝对星等:1.34M
  玉衡~等星:1.75m         绝对星等:-0.27M
  开阳~等星:2.2m          绝对星等:-0.30M
  摇光~等星:1.85m         绝对星等:-0.67M
  洞明(辅星)~等星:3.95m  绝对星等:1.96M
  隐元~观测不到,没有数据
  
了解九星
  九星,源自北斗七星,依次为:天枢、天璇、天玑、天权、玉衡、开阳、摇光。
  古人认为,北斗并非只有七星,而是还有两颗看不见的隐星。现代天文学发现,在开阳星附近,有一颗叫“开阳增一”,这颗星可能是古人说的“洞明星”。这样算起来有八颗。但另一颗“隐元星”,始终没有被人所发现。
  北斗家族中,玉衡星最亮,摇光星次之。天权星最暗。
  星等数值越小,星体越亮,反之,星体越暗。比如玉衡星最亮,负0.27m;天权星最暗,1.34m。
  天枢、天璇、天玑、天权四星,共同组成一个“U”型,犹如“斗身”;摇光、开阳、玉衡三星,形成一条直线,犹如“斗柄”。
  春夏秋冬作交替,斗转星移相呼应。柄指东,春天;斗柄指南,夏季;斗柄指西,秋天;斗柄指北,冬季。
  
九星的多重身份
  无论七星还是九星,都是浩瀚星空之中的一个星球。古人嗜好玄秘,外加古人的崇拜心理,在不同的学术门派中,都喜欢把九星引进来,赋予不同的名字,不同的属性,以便彰显其不同的吉凶程度。
  学术不同,九星名称不但不同,其吉凶程度也不相同。比如天璇星,在八宅风水中叫天医,或天乙,大吉;同样是天璇星,在三元风水中叫二黑,号称病符星,大凶;在奇门遁甲中叫天芮,小凶。
  学术不同,九星属性不同,所对应的八卦也不同。比如天枢星,在八宅风水中叫生气,对应震卦,属木,大吉;在奇门遁甲中,叫天蓬星,对应坎卦,属水,大凶;在三元风水中,叫一白,对应坎卦,属水,大吉。
  
遁甲术
  九星最初用于遁甲术。《史记》成书于2100年之前,司马迁在书中并没有提到“奇门遁甲”。到了1700年前的东晋,葛洪在《抱朴子》中正式提到了遁甲术:“欲入名山,不可不知遁甲之秘术,而不为人委曲说其事也。”又说:“仰观天文,俯察地理,占风气,布筹算,推三棋,步九宫,检八卦,考飞伏之所集也。”由此可以断定,战国时期虽不见“遁甲”之名,实已具备雏形。大约东汉之后,才逐渐有了“遁甲术”这个名称。到了北宋,奇门遁甲术的推演过程愈加繁杂。
  从葛洪的“布筹算,推三棋,步九宫”文句中,我们可以断定,1900年之前的术数家们已经引用了九星,并分别赋予阴阳属性,以及吉凶。
  都说遁甲术用于兵家谋略,但葛洪却是用作择吉择方,进山采药时能够有效地避开蛇虫虎豹。夸大遁甲术,神化遁甲术,应该是宋人的杰作。
  
堪舆术
  堪舆术,即风水术。它事关千家万户的生活起居,其勘察活动早在3000年前已经出现。《尚书·大传》记载,距今大约3200年前,周文王曾勘察建设洛阳城,文中说:“于卜洛邑,营成周,改正朔,立宗庙。”
  远古的风水术,纯正不杂,以地理环境及阴阳五行为核心,没有生拉硬扯的东西。郭璞的《葬经》开篇即说:“葬者,藏也,乘生气也。”阅其全文,并没有九星一说。大概宋朝之后,风水术才出现了诸多流派,九星便闪亮登场。
  甚至,在罗盘上还注有二十四天星,这些星星对人类的影响到底存在与否?我看,发明它的人也说不清楚。
  古人认为,天施地,地承天,天地人合一。但我们抱着科学的态度去思考,天上的九星能量确实非常大吗?在科技发达的今天,我们认同宇宙星球对地球的影响,比如太阳的光照、月亮的引力、木星的引力等等。但宇宙星斗无数,并非只有北斗星,所以,这个只有存疑。第二,古人喜欢玄秘,特别是玄学,更喜欢罩上一层面纱,让人敬畏。
  下文介绍九星在不同领域改称的新名字,以及其吉凶属性。
  

2.jpg

  
一.九星在不同领域的名称
  (下文九星次序上下一一对应)
  天文常用名称,依次为:天枢、天璇、天玑、天权、玉衡、开阳、摇光、洞明、隐元
  道教宗教名称,依次为:太星君、元星君、真星君、纽星君、罡星君、纪星君、关星君、洞明星君、隐光星君
  道教宗教名称,依次为:阳明、阴精、福善、玄冥、丹元、北极、天卫、辅星、弼星
  道教宗教名称,依次为:魂神、魂神、魄精、魄精、魄灵、魄灵、魂明
  奇门遁甲名称,依次为:天蓬、天芮、天冲、天辅、天禽、天心、天柱、天任、天英
  阴宅风水名称,依次为:贪狼、巨门、禄存、文曲、廉贞、武曲、破军、左辅、右弼
  阳宅风水名称,依次为:生气、天医、祸害、六煞、五鬼、延年、绝命、伏位(辅弼)
  三元风水名称,依次为:一白、二黑、三碧、四绿、五黄、六白、七赤、八白、九紫
  相宅择吉名称,依次为:生气、天医、绝体、游魂、五鬼、福德、绝命、伏位(辅弼)
  注:天璇,又写作天璿;开阳,又写作闿阳;摇光,又写作瑶光、遥光、招摇。
  黄河滚滚东流去,多少竹文沉水中。数千年的历史,九星别名还不止这些。特别是道教,各时期都可能出现新的名称。
  
二.不同领域,不同的九星身份
  1.阴宅风水中的九星
  九星用名:贪狼、巨门、禄存、文曲、廉贞、武曲、破军、左辅、右弼
  贪狼,即天枢,在地属震卦,阳木,吉星。
  巨门,即天璇,在地属艮卦,阳土,吉星。
  禄存,即天玑,在地属坤卦,阴土,凶星。
  文曲,即天权,在地属坎卦,阳水,凶星。
  廉贞,即玉衡,在地属离卦,阳火,凶星。
  武曲,即开阳,在地属乾卦,阳金,吉星。
  破军,即摇光,在地属兑卦,阴金,凶星。
  左辅,即洞明,在地属巽卦,阴木,中性。
  右弼,即隐元,在地属巽卦,阴木,中性。

  2.奇门遁甲中的九星
  九星用名:天蓬、天芮、天冲、天辅、天禽、天心、天柱、天任、天英
  天蓬,即天枢,在地属坎卦,阳水,凶星。又称右弼星。
  天芮,即天璇,在地属坤卦,阴土,凶星。又称左辅星。
  天冲,即天玑,在地属震卦,阳木,中性。又称破军星。
  天辅,即天权,在地属巽卦,阴木,吉星。又称武曲星。
  天禽,即玉衡,在地属中宫,阴阳土,吉星。又称廉贞星。
  天心,即开阳,在地属乾卦,阳金,吉星。又称文曲星。
  天柱,即摇光,在地属兑卦,阴金,凶星。又称禄存星。
  天任,即洞明,在地属艮卦,阳土,吉星。又称英明星。
  天英,即隐元,在地属离卦,阳火,凶星。又称贪狼星。

  3.阳宅风水中的九星
  九星用名:生气、天医、祸害、六煞、五鬼、延年、绝命、伏位(辅弼)
  生气,即天枢,在地属震卦,阳木,吉星。
  天医,即天璇,在地属艮卦,阳土,吉星。
  祸害,即天玑,在地属坤卦,阴土,凶星。
  六煞,即天权,在地属坎卦,阳水,凶星。
  五鬼,即玉衡,在地属离卦,阳火,凶星。
  延年,即开阳,在地属乾卦,阳金,吉星。
  绝命,即摇光,在地属兑卦,阴金,凶星。
  左辅,即洞明,在地属巽卦,阴木,中性。
  右弼,即隐元,在地属巽卦,阴木,中性。

  4.三元风水中的九星
  九星用名:一白、二黑、三碧、四绿、五黄、六白、七赤、八白、九紫
  一白,即天枢,在地属坎卦,阳水,吉星。又称贪狼、文曲。
  二黑,即天璇,在地属坤卦,阴土,凶星。又称病符星。
  三碧,即天玑,在地属震卦,阳木,凶性。又称蚩尤星。
  四绿,即天权,在地属巽卦,阴木,中性。又称文昌星。
  五黄,即玉衡,在地属中宫,阴阳土,凶星。又称廉贞星、戊己大煞。
  六白,即开阳,在地属乾卦,阳金,吉星。又称武曲星。
  七赤,即摇光,在地属兑卦,阴金,凶星。又称破军星、盗贼星。
  八白,即洞明,在地属艮卦,阳土,吉星。又称左辅星、财帛星。
  九紫,即隐元,在地属离卦,阳火,中性。又称名誉星。

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