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迁坟的详细过程

风水习俗 昌达空间 8425℃ 0评论

前言•迁坟总则
第一,根据《枯骨经》,启攒①改葬最好选择农历二月、四月、八月、十月、十一月、十二月。迁坟择吉点此
第二,选择启攒吉日,或安葬吉日。
第三,起坟前一日,坟前上香,告知先祖迁葬原因,以及所迁新址。迁坟当日,再次上香祷告。
第四,尸骨为阴,因此,启攒尽量选在日出前后,避免阳光直射。日出之后,撑开遮阳伞遮阳。遮阳伞颜色以红黑为主。
第五,一般由死者同辈亲自拾金②。如无同辈,次用下辈,但不能隔辈拾金。也就是说,死者有儿子也有孙子,要让儿子拾金。只有孙子,那就只能让孙子亲自拾金,或帮手进行。
第六,尸骨按照人体结构原位安放。如有遗失,尽量翻土查找。
第七,完成拾金后,取一个萝卜扔入原墓中,象征性填些土。原有棺椁及寿衣杂物,一律就地焚化。
第八,葬入新墓,辈分排列有主次之分。
第九,新坟不满一年,不可迁葬。否则,会造成家人死亡。如因城市扩建,必迁不可,请道士作法念咒。

①启攒:挖开坟墓,检出尸骨,按照人体骨骼结构再拼凑在一起。启,开启;攒,拼凑。
②拾金:拾出尸骨。金,比喻尸骨,表示金贵。

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前期准备工作
1、提前选好墓地。
2、提前准备寿材、寿衣,以及墓碑。
3、黄表纸、烧纸、冥币、供品。
4、手套、口罩、红布(或黄布)。
5、遮阳伞。
6、七星钱。
7、萝卜、五谷。

预备
1.族长出面,对历代先祖逐一上香,焚化纸钱,跪拜祷告。鸣炮。
注:族长秉香。忌隔辈。常言:孙子不拔爷,拔爷辈辈绝。
2.破土之人及其工具、堂前树木,系上红布条。
3.金柜③底部铺设黄表纸,然后,按照北斗七星的形状,在黄表纸上摆放七星钱④。
4.寿衣放在头部;鞋子放在脚部。
5.拾金者必须戴口罩,帽子和手套。
③金柜:装殓尸骨的小棺木,一般不长于2米。夫妻合葬墓,金柜略宽,中间有一道低矮的隔板,按照男左女右,分别装殓夫妻尸骨。骨灰盒称金斗。
④七星钱:七种不同时代的铜钱。比如,顺治、康熙,等。

一.旧坟破土
1.以坟头为中心,长子在吉方破土。或由全福人⑤破土。
2.长子在坟头挖一锹土,另放一边,然后可让帮工开挖。
3.露出棺椁时,再往棺下挖二尺,以防土撒棺内。
4.用遮阳伞遮盖整个墓穴,以免阳光射入。
5.先将棺盖打开一道缝隙,投入五谷⑥或糯米,等候片刻,释放尸气,然后开棺拾金。
⑤全福人:夫妻和谐,儿女双全之人。
⑥五谷,又叫五彩粮,一般指谷子、小麦、黑豆、高粱、玉米。

附:
起坟之前,也可以请师傅诵《安土地咒》。

二.启攒
1.开棺后,拾金顺序“从长至幼,从男到女”,依次开棺拾金。
2.男尸骨从头颅开始拾金,依次左手→左腿→右腿→右手
3.女尸骨从头颅开始拾金,依次右手→右腿→左腿→左手
注:如果骸骨完整,就用两米长的红布,铺于骸骨下,完整抬出,放入金柜。
5.拾金完成后,移动棺椁,取棺底八寸之血土,装于袋中,运往新址,备用。
6.最后,往空棺内扔入一个白萝卜,撒上一把五谷,棺盖不要盖严。由长子把之前挖出的那锹土撒在萝卜上,象征性回填,即可。
7.法师口诵:“一个萝卜,一个坑,子孙后代万事兴。”

三.金骨入殓
1.按照人体骨骼结构,金骨依次摆放在金柜中。左手放金元宝,右手放银元宝,通堂红布,撒上五彩粮。用棉花团稳头,使下颌骨与头骨咬合。
2.从头至脚搭放一条五彩线,表示“金木水火土”,五脏俱全。并在骸骨上撒些茶叶。
3.同时祷告:“不周之处,请祖先自己查对。”然后,红布遮盖金骨,封棺。
4.夫妻合葬金柜,用红线搭桥,以免一路跑散。
5.去往新址途中,每逢过桥,或岔路口,要扔些纸钱。

四.新址破土
1.首先,燃香敬拜土地爷,说明在此破土缘由,敬请庇护。
2.新址附近有亲人坟墓,分别燃香烧纸,说明在此破土缘由,敬请庇护。
3.新址附近有很多不认识的坟墓,可以在众墓中间烧纸,说明此地将搬来一位新邻,莫要为难。
4.根据吉时吉方,由长子在吉方破土。破土第一镐,要避开太岁、三煞方,等。河南地师口中的千斤杀,实乃三丧。具体参阅上文迁坟细则,以及注意事项
如果吉方在正南,第一镐在正南破土、正西第二稿、正北第三镐、正东第四镐,顺时针转。
5.帮工根据立向线绳,开挖墓坑。

五.新墓处理
1.墓坑内,放入大量烧纸或黄表纸,撒上松香粉末,点燃暖穴。
2.把血土平铺在墓底。
3.撒上五谷。

六.埋葬
1.吉时鸣炮。按照男先女后、大先小后的顺序下葬。
2.可以码砖护棺,上盖水泥盖板。
3.堆土。
4.上香,跪拜。
5.鸣炮。全部完成。

  注:迁葬属于喜事,不宜白色。因此,若用白灰,最好在白灰内滴入黑色或红色墨水,使之变为黑色或红色。

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