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揭秘“江东一卦从来吉,八神四个一”

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  杨筠松所撰风水名著《天玉经》开篇:“江东一卦从来吉,八神四个一。江西一卦排龙位,八神四个二;南北八神共一卦,端的应无差”
  《天玉经》历经千余年之久,作者到底是不是杨筠松,尚且置疑。即便是杨公亲笔原作,其间朝代更替,烽火战乱,经过了无数名师之手,是否曾被篡改?难以定论。
  搁置悬疑,本文且谈谈开篇语到底说的是什么?
  受到玄术渲染,多数人在接触这句话起,就把它想的很玄秘,钻牛角尖,去《河图》上套数字;有的人刻意划分方位,以便契合数字。然而,套上了数字,又套不上方位;套上了方位,文意又不通。越解释越离谱,越解释越糊涂,搞得玄而又玄。
  本人认为,大道至简,万事万物都是自然而然的,不要刻意地把它复杂化。古人的作品也是人写出来的,不是什么天书。只是古人爱玄虚,文字又简练,如果把它的原意补上去,就容易理解了:
  江东一卦从来吉,八神四个一。江西一卦排龙位,八神四个二;
  江北一卦水来去,八神四个一。江南一卦察龙位,八神四个二。
  四方八神共一卦,端的应无差。

注释:
  江东、江西
  古代地域划分名称。长江在江西九江至江苏南京一段,大致走向为东南方到东北方,因此,以长江东部的沿海地区为江东;以西的内陆地区为江西(如下图)。
  中国地势东高西低,江东濒临大海,总地势低缓,乃众河之入海口。因此,江东代指河流。
  江西多为山地,山脉大多从西向东而来,例如秦岭山脉、大别山脉,因此,才有“江西龙去望江东”一句。可见,江西代指山脉。

  江南、江北
  古代地域划分名称。长江在江苏南京至入海口一段,大致走向为西北方到东南方,因此,以长江南部地区为江南;以北地区为江北(如下图)。
  江南的武夷山脉、雪峰山脉均为从南向北而来,因此,才有“江南龙来江北望”一句。可见,江南代表山脉。
  江北属于长江中下游平原,地势低缓,因此,江北代表河流。
  

1.jpg

  一卦
  每一次占卜。卦,是“占卜”的意思,也就是勘测地理的一系列过程。
  从来吉
  “从来吉”是针对水源而言。
  江东地势低缓,所有河流在沿海地区必然汇入大海。风水术认为水管财,如果来水口和去水口都置于理想的位置上,当然是吉象。

附:四大局理想的水法:
  水局,河水从坤申生方(或壬子旺方)而来,绕过穴前,从乙辰墓地(或巽巳绝地、丙午胎地)而去。
  火局,河水从艮寅生方(或丙午旺方)而来,绕过穴前,从辛戌墓地(或乾亥绝地、壬子胎地)而去。
  金局,河水从巽巳生方(或庚酉旺方)而来,绕过穴前,从癸丑墓地(或艮寅绝地、甲卯胎地)而去。
  木局,河水从乾亥生方(或甲卯旺方)而来,绕过穴前,从丁未墓地(或坤申绝地、庚酉胎地)而去。
  水从长生方而来,叫长生水,主家族兴旺;水从帝旺方而来,叫帝旺水,主富甲一方。
  八神
  指四大局中的八个天干:乙丙、辛壬、丁庚、癸甲。
  四大局:“金羊收癸甲之灵”木局;“斗牛纳丁庚之气”金局;“乙丙交而趋戌”火局;“辛壬会而聚辰”水局。
  四大局方位分布如下图:
  

2.jpg

  四个一

    四,是双关语,1、指全国各地;2、代指三合四大局。
  一,有多重意思,1、最自然的原始状态;2、万法归一;3、指大海。水性润下,终归大海。
  广大的内陆地区,所有的干流支流,在江东统一汇入大海。
  当河水左旋时(从右到左),以甲、庚、丙、壬四阳干为基点,顺排长生十二宫。
  当河水右旋时(从左到右),以乙、辛、丁、癸四阴干为基点,逆排长生十二宫。

  排龙位
  “排龙位”主要是针对山脉而言。
  江西广大地区以山地、高原为主。风水师偏爱山地龙,认为真龙起于巍峨的山峰,因此,更是穷究山脉的走向。
  针对山脉的走向,有很多讲究,比如,山脉从西方而来,在落脉结穴的地方,朝东北方落脚(背对山脉,面朝东方),这叫左旋,为阳;如果朝东南落脚,为右旋,为阴。
  因此,排龙位的“龙”,是指山脉(山龙),并非河流(水龙)。
  排龙位是以正针七十二龙为准。因此才强调说:“江西一卦排龙位。”此句与上句“江东一卦从来吉,八神四个一”是相对称的承接关系。

  四个二
  四,是双关语,1、指四面八方,全国各地;2、代指三合四大局。
  二,有多重含义,1、代表阴阳;2、寓意亚洲境内的两大山系;3、代表山脉左旋和右旋。
  风水术注重山脉。但是,不能局限于《中国地形图》。中国有确切文字记载的两千多年里,历经十五的朝代,每个朝代所辖地域均不相同,因此,分析山脉要参考亚洲地形。
  亚洲境内有两大山系:喜马拉雅山脉、昆仑山脉。
  喜马拉雅山是世界上最高的山,是父山;
  昆仑山是中亚地区的母山,延伸远,支脉多,如:祁连山、巴颜喀拉山、唐古拉山、秦岭、大别山、太行山、兴安岭……
  喜马拉雅山和昆仑山俨然一对夫妻,平行矗立于中国西部,它们是众山的父母山。
  当落脉左旋时(从右到左),以甲、庚、丙、壬四阳干为基点,顺排长生十二宫。
  当落脉右旋时(从左到右),以乙、辛、丁、癸四阴干为基点,逆排长生十二宫。

  南北八神共一卦
  这句话是概括语,没有再细分“江南一卦”和“江北一卦”。并且,再次交待,为了使建筑“乘生气”,无论左旋、右旋,都要根据七十二龙来确定,使得去水口位置和山脉走向达到“共一卦”。
  什么是共一卦?入首龙与去水口在罗盘七十二龙是同一条线,纳音五行相同,这叫“共一卦”,也就是常说的“玄窍相通”。

  端的应无差
  这样做确实应该没错!
  

原文:
  江东一卦从来吉,八神四个一;江西一卦排龙位,八神四个二。南北八神共一卦,端的应无差。 

翻译:
  江东濒临大海,地势低缓,是众水的入海口。风水术认为水管财,因此,非常重视河水的走向。占卜宅地时,首先以水定局,察看水从什么位置来,又流向了什么地方。当河流左旋时,以阳干为基点,顺排长生十二宫;当河流右旋时,以阴干为基点,逆排长生十二宫。
  江西地势复杂,山脉纵横交错。风水术崇尚“乘生气”,因此,必须认真察看山脉走向,在七十二龙中的什么位置,最好与出水口达到同一线,这叫共一卦。如果山势左旋,就以八神中的阳干为基点,顺排长生十二宫;如果山势右旋,就以八神中的阴干为基点,逆排长生十二宫。
  南北八神也一样,不能出卦。这样操作,应该不会有错!

  

延伸阐述
  1、《天玉经》下文有:“二十四山管三卦,莫与时师话。”
  很多人都把“三卦”当成了江东一卦、江西一卦、南北一卦。这就犯了笑话。上文解释的非常明白,不妨再重复一下。譬如江东一卦,它不是一个名词,而是简练的一句话,表面意思是“在江东地区选择一个阴阳宅”。寓意是“水法调理”;又如江西一卦,表面意思是“在江西地区选择一个阴阳宅”,寓意是“格龙乘气”。
  翻译过来,一看就明白了:“二十四山,每山统辖三龙,共计七十二龙,这简单的问题就不用对地师们解释了。”这是对七十二龙重要性的再次强调。
  2、《天玉经》下文有:“天卦江东掌上寻,知了值千金。”
  天卦,用天盘双山勘测。天盘双山的主要作用就是纳水(察看河水从哪来,往哪去)。
  江东地势低缓,是众河入海口,寓意河流。
  译文:手持罗盘,用缝针双山察看河水来去的具体状况,明白了这个过程,才能正确选址。
  3、《天玉经》下文有:“地画八卦谁能会,山与水相对。”
  地画八卦,用地盘勘测,代指地盘二十四山(也就是地卦)。格龙乘气,用罗盘的地盘二十四山进行勘测。
  风水的主题就是山与水,所以,古籍常把“山水”喻为夫妇、父母、雌雄、交合,等等。
  译文:圣人画八卦概括八方,风水又把八卦细分为二十四山,用以确定坐山和朝向,这个道理谁能知道呢?风水的核心就是山水交合。
  4、杨公弟子曾文迪所撰《青囊序》有:“龙分两片阴阳取,水对三叉细认踪,江南龙来江北望,江西龙去望江东。”
  说明:
  本段的“江南”和“江北”、“江东”和“江西”,足可以证明这些名词具有以下含义:以区域寓意山和水。
  译文:
  龙分两片阴阳取:龙分山龙和水龙,山水又分阴阳。从主概念上讲,山属阳,水属阴,因为水因势而流。然而,在实地风水操作中,山脉左旋为阳、右旋为阴;河流左旋为阳、右旋为阴。
  水对三叉细认踪:众水在穴前交汇停蓄,我们要认真测量它的角度。
  江南龙来江北望:山脉从南方来,朝向就在北面,河水也在北面,应山也在北面。(乾南坤北,乾男坤女,一夫一妻,夫妇交合)
  望,隔水相望的意思,往远处看。
  江西龙去望江东:山脉从西方来,朝向就在东面,河水也在东面,应山也在东面。(坎西离东,坎男离女,一夫一妻,夫妇交合) 


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