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风水立向,什么是“迎禄、借禄、借库消水”?

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乙丙交而趋戌,就是说乙木、丙火共同墓于戌;
辛壬会而趋辰,就是说辛金、壬水共同墓于辰;
斗牛纳丁庚之气,就是说丁火、庚金共同墓于丑;
金羊收癸甲之灵,就是说癸水、甲木共同墓于未。

针对四大局的认识分歧较大,用法各有不同。下面,仅以火局“乙丙交而趋戌”为例,简单叙述一下其混乱的情形。
有人认为,山脉主静,静为阴;河流主动,动为阳,因此,乙木为阴,为山脉;丙火为阳,为河流。
也有人认为,山脉巍峨,为阳;河流润下,为阴。因此,丙火为阳,为山脉;乙木为阴,为河流。
又有人认为,当左边来水到右时,乙木为阴龙,丙火为阳水;当右边来水倒左时,乙木为阴水,丙火为阳龙。这是根据河流的走向,确定龙和水。
还有人认为,当落脉(入首龙)右旋时,右为阴,则为乙木阴龙;当落脉左旋时,左为阳,则为丙火阳龙。这是根据山脉的落脉方向,确定龙和水。
到底哪家理论正宗?学得多了,自然会悟出其中的道理。
为什么要对龙水的阴阳属性穷追不舍呢?因为它事关风水的最终环节—-立向。
《地理五诀》和《地理度金针》是古代非常有影响的两本风水书籍,下面,分别摘录其立向方法,以供学习。

 

《地理五诀》立向方法
《地理五诀》认为,水主动为阳,山主静为阴,也就是说,四大局的阳干永远看作是“水”、阴干永远看作是“山”。
立向根据河流的走向,即河水从左流向右,可立正旺向、自旺向;河水从右流向左,可立正生向、正养向、自生向;两水穴前交合而去,可立正墓向。
根据本书记录,四大局可立之向共计四十八束。
本书罗列的朝向,都带有“兼三分”,什么意思呢?
古人为了使罗盘测量的方向更具细致化,把二十四山的每山细分为10份(叫分),24×10=240分,因此,就又出了一个新名词:二百四十分金。
天地人三盘,都标有二百四十分金,并且用“二八、三七”来表示十二地支气的厚薄程度。据说,罗盘上的三七、二八是吉利的。
罗盘共有24山,每山15°(24山×15°=360°),合周天360°。那么,二百四十分金的每分相当于1.5°(每山15°÷10分=每分1.5°,或1.5°×240分=周天360°)。
实际上,罗盘上已经刻有一百二十分金,以及最外圈的周天360刻度,已经够细致了,根本用不上二百四十分金,纯属重复。
至于“壬向兼亥三分、子向兼壬三分”,就是源于二百四十分金,如下图:

36.jpg

  壬向兼亥三分:也就是地盘壬,兼天盘亥,兼多少才吉利呢?兼三分,就是靠右4.5°。地盘壬字左侧标有“三七”字样的那条线上,对应天盘是“二八”线上。(上图蓝线所示)由于壬水临官于亥水,所以,叫迎禄。
那么,为什么壬向不兼子呢?因为壬水帝旺于子水,古人认为帝旺是羊刃,过于强盛不吉利,即所谓的“舍刃就禄”。
子向兼壬三分:也就是地盘子,兼天盘壬。就是靠左4.5°。地盘子字左侧标有“三七”字样的那条线上,对应天盘是“二八”线上。(上图绿线所示)
注意:本书没有向能“兼与不能兼”一说。
木局 金羊收癸甲之灵
右水倒左正生向
立乾向兼亥三分
立亥向兼乾三分
左水到右正旺向
立甲向兼寅三分(迎禄)
立卯向兼甲三分(借禄)
两水汇合同出墓方正墓向
立丁向兼午三分(迎禄)
立未向兼丁三分(借禄)
右水倒左正养向
立辛向兼酉三分(迎禄)
立戌向兼辛三分(借禄)
右水倒左自生向(借库消水)
立坤向兼申三分
立申向兼坤三分
左水到右自旺向(借库消水)
立丙向兼巳三分(迎禄)
立午向兼丙三分(借禄)


火局 乙丙交而趋戌
右水倒左正生向
立艮向兼寅三分
立寅向兼艮三分
左水到右正旺向
立丙向兼巳三分(迎禄)
立午向兼丙三分(借禄)
两水汇合同出墓方正墓向
立辛向兼酉三分(迎禄)
立戌向兼辛三分(借禄)
右水倒左正养向
立癸向兼子三分(迎禄)
立丑向兼癸三分(借禄)
右水倒左自生向(借库消水)
立乾向兼亥三分
立亥向兼乾三分
左水到右自旺向(借库消水)
立庚向兼申三分(迎禄)
立酉向兼庚三分(借禄)


水局 辛壬会而聚辰
右水倒左正生向
立申向兼坤三分
立坤向兼申三分
左水到右正旺向
立壬向兼亥三分(迎禄)
立子向兼壬三分(借禄)
两水汇合同出墓方正墓向
立辰向兼乙三分(借禄)
立乙向兼卯三分(迎禄)
右水倒左正养向
立丁向兼午三分(迎禄)
立未向兼丁三分(借禄)
右水倒左自生向(借库消水)
立巽向兼巳三分
立巳向兼巽三分
左水到右自旺向(借库消水)
立甲向兼寅三分(迎禄)
立寅向兼甲三分(借禄)


金局 斗牛纳丁庚之气
右水倒左正生向
立巽向兼巳三分
立巳向兼巽三分
左水到右正旺向
立庚向兼申三分(迎禄)
立酉向兼庚三分(借禄)
两水汇合同出墓方正墓向
立癸向兼子三分(迎禄)
立丑向兼癸三分(借禄)
右水倒左正养向
立乙向兼卯三分(迎禄)
立辰向兼乙三分(借禄)
右水倒左自生向(借库消水)
立寅向兼艮三分
立艮向兼寅三分
左水到右自旺向(借库消水)
立壬向兼亥三分(迎禄)
立子向兼壬三分(借禄)


《地理度金针》立向方法
《地理度金针》是依据入首龙和河流的左旋和右旋来确定龙和水的。
入首龙右旋时,配合左旋的河流,为阴龙阳水;入首龙左旋时,配右旋的河流,为阳龙阴水。
根据本书记录,四大局可立之向共计六十四束。
火局 乙丙交而趋戌
乙木阴龙论
旺向—壬山丙向  子山午向
墓向—乙山辛向  辰山戌向
变立木局旺向—庚山甲向  酉山卯向
变立金局旺向—甲山庚向  卯山酉向
丙火阳龙论
生向—坤山艮向  申山寅向
养向—丁山癸向  未山丑向
变立金局生向—乾山巽向  亥山巳向
变立木局生向—巽山乾向  巳山亥向
水局 辛壬会而聚辰
辛金阴龙论
旺向—丙山壬向  午山子向
墓向—辛山乙向  戌山辰向
变立金局旺向—甲山庚向  卯山酉向
变立木局旺向—庚山甲向  酉山卯向
壬水阳龙论
生向—艮山坤向  寅山申向
养向—癸山丁向  丑山未向
变立木局生向—巽山乾向  巳山亥向
变立金局生向—乾山巽向  亥山巳向
金局 斗牛纳丁庚之气
丁火阴龙论
旺向—甲山庚向  卯山酉向
墓向—丁山癸向  未山丑向
变立火局旺向—壬山丙向  子山午向
变立水局旺向—丙山壬向  午山子向
庚金阳龙论
生向—乾山巽向  亥山巳向
养向—辛山乙向  戌山辰向
变立水局生向—艮山坤向  寅山申向
变立火局生向—坤山艮向  申山寅向
木局 金羊收癸甲之灵
癸水阴龙论
旺向—庚山甲向  酉山卯向
墓向—癸山丁向  丑山未向
变立水局旺向—丙山壬向  午山子向
变立火局旺向—壬山丙向  子山午向
甲木阳龙论
生向—巽山乾向  巳山亥向
养向—乙山辛向  辰山戌向
变立水局生向—艮山坤向  寅山申向
变立火局生向—坤山艮向  申山寅向
 

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