最新消息显示在全站导航条下方,非常给力的推广位置

《周易》第四十七卦,泽水困

易经正解 昌达空间 6195℃ 0评论

【绪言】

  《周易》第四十七卦《泽水困》。六爻纳甲法属于兑宫第二卦,五行属金。

  上一卦《地风升》,做强做大,必然遭遇困难,因此,此卦为《泽水困》。

  《困》卦,困难。

  卦象叙述方式:久困家中,无所施展;运气有转,诚信为要;阻碍重重,家庭离散;困守职位,终将有成;身处尊位,贤德执政;危机重重,好自为之。

  身处困境,事业停滞,暂时只能买静求安,因此,第四十八卦为《水风井》。《泽水困》与《水风井》互为综卦。

  

泽水困.jpg

【卦辞】

  〖卦辞〗困,亨,贞,大人①吉,无咎。有言不信②。

  ①大人:贤明之士。②有言不信:油嘴滑舌,说了也没人信。

  译文

  卦辞:困卦,身处逆境,要顺其自然,坚守纯正,只有那些贤明之人才能做到,所以说吉祥,没有灾祸。如果油嘴滑舌,那你说了也没人信。

  辨析

  1.困卦,即困难。可是,卦辞为何还说“亨通”?曾仕强说:“君子临难,能够坦然面对;小人遭困,却只会怨天尤人,正所谓君子坦荡荡,小人长戚戚。困境中方能显露出一个人的真实本性。”

  2.所谓“亨”,即顺利。此乃辩证法。身处困境,坦然面对,泰然处之,没有非分之念,自然也是顺利的。如果是小人,他们为了生活,必然油嘴滑舌,坑蒙拐骗,从而给自己带来灾难。因此,才说“大人吉”。

  3.所谓“有言不信”,说了话没人信,指人微言轻。有言,光凭嘴说。

  4.现实中,上至王公贵族,下至黎民百姓,没有一个人甘愿吃糠咽菜,过着与世无争,安贫守道的日子。如果果真甘受贫困,那反而遭人笑话:“一生碌碌无为,虚度年华。”此乃人之本性,社会之本原。

  这种理论,包括孔子的《彖辞》,无非是为了巩固自己的统治地位,哄骗世人,防止老百姓闹事而已。

  〖彖曰〗困,刚①掩②也。险以说,困而不失其所③,亨,其唯君子乎④!贞,大人吉,以刚中也。有言不信,尚口⑤乃穷⑥也。

  ①刚:坚强,进取。②掩:掩盖,压制。③不失其所:不失做人的基本原则。所,代词,指适宜的位置,合适的做法。④其唯君子乎:这只有君子才能做到啊!唯,副词,只有。乎,文言叹词。⑤尚口:崇尚言辞。指光说不练。⑥乃穷:才走到了尽头。

  译文

  彖曰:困卦,进取的精神被压制了。险中求乐,始终保持着乐观的精神状态,虽然身处逆境,也不会失去做人的基本原则,所以才说亨通,这只有贤明君子才能做得到啊!保持纯正,君子才会获得吉祥,那是因为意志坚强,坚守正道的结果。油嘴滑舌,说了也没人信,那是因为只说不练是没有前途的。 

  辨析

  1.所谓“险以说”,指苦中作乐,自得其所。

  2.所谓“尚口乃穷”,孔颖达疏:“处困求通,在於修德,非用言以免困;徒尚口说,更致困穷。”上兑为口,上六为阴,又如口,居兑卦最上爻,所以叫“穷”,尽头的意思。

  〖象曰〗泽无水①,困。君子以致命②遂志③。

  ①泽无水:湖中没有水。②致命:竭尽力量。致,竭尽。命,生命。③遂志:实现理想。遂,达到,实现。志,心愿,理想。

  译文

  象曰:上卦为兑为泽,下卦为坎为水,水渗地下,湖中干涸,称作困卦。君子由此受到启发,竭尽力量去实现自己的理想。

  辨析

  1.所谓“泽无水”,泽,水之钟也,即“湖泽,沼泽”。为什么湖中无水呢?《泽水困》上卦为兑为泽,下卦为坎为水,水性下流,汇聚坎中。换句话话说,湖中的水都渗入了地下,形成了地下水,所以说“泽无水”。

  2.卦辞说,身陷逆境的时候,要顺其自然,坚守纯正的作风。象辞却又说,面对困难,要竭尽全力去实现自己的理想。看来,面对困难,文王和孔子的看法是不同的。

  

【爻辞】

  〖初六〗臀①困于株木②,入于幽谷③,三岁不觌④。

  〖象曰〗入于幽谷,幽不明也。

  ①臀:屁股。指坐。株木:一段木材,即木桩子。如图所示。③幽谷:人烟稀少的山谷。④觌:读dí,相见,显现。

  译文

  初六:窘迫不开的时运,就像坐在了木桩上,生活在人迹罕见的山谷中,整整三年都没露面。

  象曰:生活在人迹罕见的山谷中,那是因为思想模糊,没有想出好门路。

  辨析

  1.卦辞本意是说,时运不佳,亲朋远离,信息闭塞,没有门路,一直闷在家里,就像被困在了深山老林之中,整整好几年都没有风光过。

  2.初六爻之所以不顺利,那是因为自己时运不济,而不是别人强加给自己的。

  3.为什么说“臀部”?怀才不遇,没有施展的门路,只能独坐愁城抽闷烟,所以才用“臀”来阐述。

株木.jpg

  〖九二〗困于酒食①,朱绂②方来,利用享祀③。征④凶,无咎。

  〖象曰〗困于酒食,中有庆也。

  ①困于酒食:缺吃少喝,指生活困难。②朱绂:古代礼服上的红色蔽膝,代指做官。朱,红色。绂,读fú。如图所示。③享祀:奉献供品,祭拜神灵。④征:远行谋事。

  译文

  九二:生活困难,好日子才刚刚到来,应该先去宗庙祭拜。如果远去他方则不利,但也没有灾祸。

  象曰:生活困难,但能够坚守中正的做法,所以将来必有喜庆。

  辨析

  1.九二爻,预示好运即将到来。

  2.所谓“困于酒食”,本义是指缺乏食物,忍饥挨饿。

  3.卦辞大意,刚刚起步,不要急于做大事,笼络人心是首要任务。否则,适得其反。

朱绂.jpg

  〖六三〗困于石,据①于蒺藜,入于其宫②,不见其妻,凶。

  〖象曰〗据于蒺藜,乘刚也。入于其宫,不见其妻,不祥也。

  ①据:站在。②宫:房屋,家中。

  译文

  六三:前面有巨石挡路,脚下又有带刺的蒺藜,只得返回家中,但又不见了老婆,凶兆。

  象曰:脚下又有带刺的蒺藜,那说的是九二阳爻。返回家中不见了老婆,那是不祥之兆。

  辨析

  1.石头挡路,蒺藜扎脚,前后都是不利因素。

  2.下一爻九四,是阳爻,象征前面是巨石,挡住了去路;上一爻九二,也是阳爻,象征脚下又有蒺藜,导致不敢轻易迈步。可见,六三爻困难重重。

  3.在六二爻的时候,就已经提出了“征凶”。如果安坐家中,则不会出现那么多难题,也不会失去老婆。

  〖九四〗来徐徐①。困于金车②,吝,有终。

  〖象曰〗来徐徐,志在下③也。虽不当位,有与④也。

  ①来徐徐:缓缓而来。徐徐,不慌不忙。②金车:豪华的车子,这里代指君王。③志在下:心愿在基层。④与:帮助。

  译文

  九四:不慌不忙,缓缓而来。辅助君王就像被困在了豪华的车子里,心中虽然不舒服,但结局还是好的。

  象曰:不慌不忙,缓缓而来,原因是自己的志向在于基层,而不在于高层。虽然所处位置不太理想,但对君王还是有帮助的。

  辨析

  1.所谓“来徐徐”,不慌不忙,悠然自得,最后才慢腾腾地来了。意思是原本不想来。

  2.所谓“困于金车”,金车是君王的象征,代指君王。辅佐君王,日以继日,恪尽职守,所以说“困于金车”。周总理毕生都把精力奉献给了国家,那也是“困于金车”。

  3.所谓“志在下也”,九四爻为阳,位置不正,但与初六遥相呼应,所以说“志在下”。寓意没有心思做官。

  〖九五〗劓刖①,困于赤绂②。乃徐有说③,利用祭祀。

  〖象曰〗劓刖,志未得也。乃徐有说,以中直④也。利用祭祀,受福⑤也。

  ①劓刖:读音yìyuè,古代刑罚,割鼻断足。②赤绂:赤色蔽膝,代指做官。③乃徐有说:为了逐渐解脱出来。说,脱。④中直:做法中正,心性正直。⑤受福:享受福分。

  译文

  九五:用酷刑来治理天下,思想会被困在显赫的位置上。为了从困境中逐渐地解脱出来,适宜祭拜神灵,让诚信感化天下。

  象曰:用酷刑来治理天下,那是因为自己的志愿还没有实现。能够从困境中逐渐解脱出来,那是因为自己的做法中正,心性正直。适宜祭拜神灵,那是因为诚信能够感化天下,自己才能享受福分。

  辨析

  1.此爻大意是,用酷刑治理天下,不如用诚信感化天下。

  2.所谓“困于赤绂”,九五尊位,身份显赫,如何治理天下,是一个大难题。动用酷刑,可能会引起暴乱。因此,只能用诚信去感化天下臣民。

  3.做官“困于赤绂”,经商“困于金钱”,百姓“困于口粮”,痴情“困于异性”。

  〖上六〗困于葛藟①,于臲卼②,曰③动悔④。有悔⑤,征吉。

  〖象曰〗困于葛藟,未当也。动悔,有悔吉,行也。

  ①葛藟:葛和藟。藟,读lěi,藤条。②臲卼:读音nièwù,惶惶不安。③曰:说明,表明。④悔:灾祸,厄运。⑤悔:思谋,前后综合判断。

  译文

  上六:就像藤蔓缠绕,困住了手脚,内心惶恐不安。这说明,此时如果贸然行动,必生灾祸。若能前后综合判断,远行谋事才会吉祥。

  象曰:藤蔓缠绕,困住了手脚,那是因为自己做法不恰当。只要有行动就会有灾祸,应该做到胸有成竹,这才是可行的。

转载请注明:贞吉网 » 《周易》第四十七卦,泽水困

喜欢 (20)

您必须 登录 才能发表评论!

(28)个小伙伴在吐槽
  1. I am no longer positive where you are getting your information, however great topic. I needs to spend a while studying much more or working out more. Thank you for great information I used to be searching for this info for my mission. asmr 0mniartist
    匿名2021-04-12 08:27
  2. Hi there, every time i used to check webpage posts here early in the daylight, as i love to learn more and more. asmr (http://bitly.com) 0mniartist
    匿名2021-04-15 07:54
  3. When I initially commented I clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Bless you! 0mniartist asmr (bitly.com)
    匿名2021-04-16 12:16
  4. When someone writes an post he/she keeps the idea of a user in his/her mind that how a user can understand it. Thus that's why this article is outstdanding. Thanks! Here is my web-site ... gamefly with
    匿名2021-04-28 09:51
  5. Hi there, I would like to subscribe for this weblog to take latest updates, therefore where can i do it please help out. My web page ... asmr that
    匿名2021-04-29 05:32
  6. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely helpful information specifically the closing phase : ) I handle such info a lot. I was seeking this certain info for a long time. Thanks and best of luck. My web site - where asmr
    匿名2021-04-29 14:18
  7. Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic however I'd figured I'd ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa? My website discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Superb blog by the way! Here is my site was asmr
    匿名2021-04-29 19:31
  8. I was recommended this web site via my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such unique approximately my trouble. You're amazing! Thanks! Here is my website; of gamefly
    匿名2021-05-04 09:23
  9. We absolutely love your blog and find a lot of your post's to be what precisely I'm looking for. Do you offer guest writers to write content for yourself? I wouldn't mind creating a post or elaborating on some of the asmr subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome website!
    匿名2021-05-04 16:09
  10. This paragraph will help the internet viewers for setting up new website or even a blog from start to end. Here is my web page :: asmr (bit.ly)
    匿名2021-05-07 18:43
  11. Hi there, I enjoy reading through your article post. I like to write a little comment to support you. Also visit my web blog ... asmr the
    匿名2021-05-08 07:51
  12. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and also the rest of the site is asmr very good.
    匿名2021-05-09 15:55
  13. scoliosis [https://ridewithgps.com/routes/36041828] Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be at the internet the easiest thing to take into account of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed whilst people think about worries that they just do not understand about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the top and also outlined out the whole thing with no need side effect , people can take a signal. Will probably be again to get more. Thank you scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-15 19:47
  14. scoliosis (www.crokes.com) Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thanks, However I am experiencing troubles with your RSS. I don't understand the reason why I cannot join it. Is there anyone else having identical RSS problems? Anyone who knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanx!! scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-17 11:25
  15. scoliosis Wow, this paragraph is good, my sister is analyzing these things, so I am going to inform her. scoliosis (t.co)
    匿名2021-05-19 20:47
  16. free dating sites It's an amazing paragraph in support of all the online viewers; they will get benefit from it I am sure. https://785days.tumblr.com/ free dating sites
    匿名2021-05-20 09:28
  17. free dating sites Its such as you read my mind! You seem to grasp so much approximately this, like you wrote the ebook in it or something. I feel that you just can do with a few % to drive the message home a bit, but instead of that, this is magnificent blog. A great read. I'll definitely be back. free dating sites Here is my site: https://6869milesoflove.tumblr.com/
    匿名2021-05-21 00:26
  18. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO? I'm trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I'm not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share. Kudos! Take a look at my blog ... asmr that
    匿名2021-05-21 21:19
  19. Hi there Dear, are you in fact visiting this website on a regular basis, if so then you will without doubt get fastidious experience. Also visit my web site - free dating sites why
    匿名2021-05-26 12:29
  20. Woah! I'm really enjoying the template/theme of this site. It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's challenging to get that "perfect balance" between usability and visual appearance. I must say you have done a amazing job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Firefox. Outstanding Blog! Look at my webpage - free dating sites where
    匿名2021-05-26 12:45
  21. Everyone loves dating sites what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and reporting! Keep up the very good works guys I've incorporated you guys to blogroll.
    匿名2021-05-29 17:31
  22. I will right away seize your rss as I can not find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly allow me understand so that I may subscribe. Thanks. Also visit my webpage ... there scoliosis surgery
    匿名2021-05-30 17:34
  23. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you so much, However I am going through problems with your RSS. I don't understand the reason why I can't subscribe to it. Is there anyone else having similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!! Here is my blog ... surgery scoliosis what
    匿名2021-05-31 07:26
  24. Its not my first time to go to see this web site, i am visiting this web site dailly and get nice data from here every day. My page - dating sites was
    匿名2021-06-01 00:50
  25. I get pleasure from, lead to I discovered just what I used to be taking a look for. You've ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye my blog; web hosting our (http://tinyurl.com/yejds3ba)
    匿名2021-08-10 04:07
  26. When someone writes an ps4 games (bitly.com) article he/she maintains the thought of a user in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of it. Thus that's why this paragraph is great. Thanks!
    匿名2021-08-11 12:49
  27. I pay a visit every day some web sites and information sites to read posts, however this blog gives quality based articles. my page; ps4 games of (bit.ly)
    匿名2021-08-11 19:37
  28. I'll right away clutch your rss as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me recognize in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks. My web page - the web hosting (tinyurl.com)
    匿名2021-08-12 08:45