最新消息显示在全站导航条下方,非常给力的推广位置

《周易》第二十卦,风地观

易经正解 昌达空间 1837℃ 0评论

〖绪言〗

  六十四卦第二十卦是《风地观》。六爻纳甲法属于乾宫第五卦,五行属金。

  上一卦是《地泽临》,君临天下,巡察民间。百姓驻足观望,聆听教诲,参观学习,因此,此卦为《风地观》。《地泽临》颠倒过来,就是《风地观》。《风地观》颠倒过去,又是《地泽临》,它们互为综卦。

  心存仰慕,参观学习,难免盲目地追捧,有些人甚至懵懵懂懂,跟风附和,因此,第二十一卦是《火雷噬嗑》。

  此卦讲的是正确审视,参观考察。比如国家领导人到国外考察先进的制造业。又如,借鉴国外的法律制度。再如,深入民间视察,了解民众疾苦。

  《观》卦,从下向上看。寓意仰慕、崇拜、流行、示范、考察、参观、听讲、学习、学生。

  卦象叙述方式:幼稚的看法;偷偷学习;审视自己;展示成就;再审视自己;考察别人。

  

〖卦辞〗

  【卦辞】观,盥①而不荐②,有孚③颙若④。

  译文

  卦辞:观卦,洗净了手,还没有把祭品献上,大家就真诚地望着祭坛,肃然起敬。

  ①盥:读guàn,用水冲手。②荐:进献。③有孚:信徒们。④颙若:肃然起敬的样子。颙,读yóng,敬畏。若,顺从的样子。

  【彖曰】大观在上①,顺而巽,中正以观天下②。观,盥而不荐,有孚颙若,下观而化③也。观天之神道④,而四时不忒⑤。圣人以神道设教⑥,而天下服矣。

  译文

  彖曰:上卦为巽为风,下卦为坤为顺。君王在上,老百姓就像顺风行路一样顺从,那是因为君王以纯正的作风标榜天下的结果。观卦,洗净了手,还没有把祭品献上,大家就真诚地望着祭坛,肃然起敬,那是因为老百姓心存仰慕而受到了感化。观察日月运行的神秘现象,所以才明白了四季是不会有偏差的。圣人借用天地运行的神秘现象来实施教化,天下人才会心服口服。

  ①大观在上:见辨析。②中正以观天下:用纯正的品德去标榜天下。以,用。观,示范。③下观而化:黎民百姓因仰慕而受到教化。下,百姓。观,仰望。④神道:主宰天地运行,四季变化的力量。⑤忒:偏差。⑥设教:实施教化,或制定教化百姓的方针。设,施行,创立。

  辨析

  1.大观在上:九五爻在上卦,象征君王。阳位阳爻,得正,象征观点正确,所以叫“大观”。自然而然,下卦为坤为顺为百姓,就是“小观”。大观教化小观,小观顺从大观。

  2.神道:天地神秘莫测的运行规则。神道是掌控“天道”的力量。所谓神,指神秘的力量。

  【象曰】风行地上,观。先王以省方①,观民②设教。

  译文

  象曰:上卦为巽为风,下卦为坤为地,地上风行无处不在,称作观卦。先贤由此受到启发,巡视四方,体察民情,制定教化百姓的方针。

  ①省方:省视四方。省,读xǐng,观察。②观民:观察老百姓。

 

风地观.jpg

 

〖爻辞〗

  【初六】童观,小人无咎。君子吝。

  【象曰】初六童观,小人道也。

  译文

  初六:像小孩儿一样看事务,作为普通人来讲不算没什么大错。如果大人物也这样看就会带来耻辱。

  象曰:初爻位于全卦最下方,就像儿童观察事务一样,那是蒙昧无知的人的做法。

  辨析

  童观,即“童蒙所观”,蒙昧儿童所看到的事务,以及对事务的看法。初爻位于全卦最下方,喻示最小、最底层;阳位阴居,不正,喻示智商不高。因此,童观的“童”,即《蒙》卦的“童蒙”,既指无知的小孩,又指童奴,又代表见识短浅的人。

  【六二】窥观,利女贞。

  【象曰】窥观女贞,亦①可丑②也。

  译文

  六二:偷偷地观看,适合女人这样做。

  象曰:女人偷偷地观看,不过是害羞罢了

  ①亦:无非,不过。②丑:害羞。

  辨析

  六二爻阴位阴爻,得正。女人害羞,偷偷观看,这种禀性是先天赋予的。作为男人就侧目偷看,而要双目正视,才能体现男人的风格。

  【六三】观我生①,进退②。

  【象曰】观我生,进退,未失道也。

  译文

  六三:审视自己的生存状况,应进则进,应退则退。

  象曰:审视自己的生存状况,应进则进,应退则退,这样做没有失去原则。

  ①观我生:观察自己的生存之道。②进退:前进还是后退。比喻人生抉择。

  辨析

  1.六三爻阳位阴爻,不正。喻示自己处在人生的十字路口,有必要审时度势,做出正确的抉择。之所以说“进退”,那是因为一旦蒙蔽了双眼,就会走入歧途,从而犯下错误。

  2.这一爻可以吉,也可以凶。只看自己怎样选择道路了。所以,周文王没有给予吉凶定性。

  【六四】观国之光①,利用宾于王②。

  【象曰】观国之光,尚③宾也。

  译文

  六四:参观国家的辉煌成就,君王适宜用这种方式接待宾客。

  象曰:参观国家的辉煌成就,这是对宾客的尊重。

  ①光:荣耀。②利用宾于王:适宜君王用作招待宾客。③尚:尊崇、重视。

  辨析

  1.六四爻阴爻阴位,得正。又靠近九五爻,象征邻国。因此,有资格前来访问。

  2.利用宾于王:君王适宜用这种方式招待宾客。主语“王”放在句末,倒装句。

  【九五】观我生,君子。无咎。

  【象曰】观我生,观民也。

  译文

  九五:正确审视自己的生存状态,这是大人物的风格。这样做不会出现任何隐患。

  象曰:正确审视自己的生存状态,就能正确地考察老百姓的生活状况。

  【上九】观①其生,君子。无咎。

  【象曰】观其生,志未平也。

  译文

  上九:能够调查别人的生活状态,才算得上是君子。这样做不会出现隐患。

  象曰:能够调查别人的生活状态,这是因为自己志向远大,永不平息。

  ①观:调查、考察。

  辨析

  1.此爻位于全卦最上方,表示勤政精政,永无止境。从“观我生”到“观其生”,不但审视自己的生存状态,还要审视别人的生活状态,两者相互比较,相互借鉴,取长补短。家庭与家庭,他们相互比较,相互攀比;国家与国家,相互考察,相互学习。

  2.到民间视察,是调查;到国外参观,是考察。都符合上九爻的原义。

  3.这个世界上,万事万物都在做比较。学生之间,成绩高低;员工之间,工资多少;姑娘之间,谁最漂亮;家庭之间,存款多少;国家之间,比武器、比制度、比科技。没有比较,就没有争胜心。所以,孔子才说:“观其生,志未平也。”社会在进步,永远志难平。

转载请注明:贞吉网 » 《周易》第二十卦,风地观

喜欢 (1)

您必须 登录 才能发表评论!

(26)个小伙伴在吐槽
  1. Paragraph writing is also a fun, if you be acquainted with afterward you can write if not it is complex to write. 0mniartist asmr
    匿名2021-04-12 08:46
  2. Woah! I'm really enjoying the template/theme of this website. It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's tough to get that "perfect balance" between usability and appearance. I must say you've done a fantastic job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Firefox. Exceptional Blog! 0mniartist asmr - bit.ly -
    匿名2021-04-15 08:51
  3. Hello my family member! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and come with approximately all vital infos. I'd like to see extra posts like this . asmr (http://bit.ly/2QtFhZa) 0mniartist
    匿名2021-04-16 05:08
  4. Hi friends, how is everything, and what you wish for to say on the topic of this piece of writing, in my view its really remarkable in favor of me. My blog asmr are
    匿名2021-04-29 07:56
  5. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me. Feel free to visit my web-site why asmr
    匿名2021-04-29 12:32
  6. I have fun with, result in I found exactly what I was taking a look for. You have ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye Here is my website - or asmr
    匿名2021-04-29 22:18
  7. This is really attention-grabbing, You're an excessively professional blogger. I have joined your rss feed and sit up for in the hunt for extra of your fantastic post. Additionally, I have shared your website in my social networks Feel free to surf to my homepage - gamefly off
    匿名2021-05-04 06:27
  8. Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person's website link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do similar in favor of you. Here is my blog post ... what asmr
    匿名2021-05-04 13:51
  9. I blog quite often and I genuinely appreciate your information. Your article has truly peaked my interest. I will bookmark your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed as well. my blog - asmr - j.mp -
    匿名2021-05-07 20:30
  10. We asmr are a gaggle of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You've done a formidable job and our whole neighborhood will likely be grateful to you.
    匿名2021-05-08 15:18
  11. Hey very nice web site!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also? I'm satisfied to find so many helpful information here in the publish, we need develop extra techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . . my page asmr what
    匿名2021-05-09 11:09
  12. scoliosis Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is fantastic, let alone the content! scoliosis (j.mp)
    匿名2021-05-15 21:27
  13. scoliosis (http://bit.ly) Great post! We will be linking to this particularly great article on our site. Keep up the good writing. scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-17 01:25
  14. scoliosis (j.mp) Hello! I could have sworn I've been to this blog before but after checking through some of the post I realized it's new to me. Nonetheless, I'm definitely delighted I found it and I'll be bookmarking and checking back frequently! scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-19 21:56
  15. free dating sites It's the best time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I have learn this put up and if I could I want to counsel you some fascinating issues or suggestions. Maybe you could write subsequent articles regarding this article. I desire to learn even more issues approximately it! dating sites https://785days.tumblr.com/
    匿名2021-05-20 09:27
  16. free dating sites Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I'm impressed! Extremely useful info particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this particular info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck. dating sites Have a look at my blog :: https://6869milesoflove.tumblr.com/
    匿名2021-05-20 19:30
  17. I used to be suggested this web site by my cousin. I'm not certain whether this put up is written by way of him as no one else recognize such precise approximately my trouble. You're wonderful! Thanks! Here is my site: off asmr
    匿名2021-05-21 19:38
  18. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this post is awesome, nice written and include approximately all important infos. I'd like to see more posts like this . Also visit my homepage - free dating sites on
    匿名2021-05-26 10:01
  19. Do you have any video of that? I'd care to find out some additional information. My web page where free dating sites
    匿名2021-05-26 21:37
  20. Hello, dating sites this weekend is pleasant for me, as this moment i am reading this enormous educational piece of writing here at my home.
    匿名2021-05-29 21:41
  21. Hello are using Wordpress for your site platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated! Look into my blog scoliosis surgery an
    匿名2021-05-31 03:14
  22. I really like it when individuals come together and share views. Great blog, continue the good work! my web-site; scoliosis surgery my
    匿名2021-05-31 08:31
  23. I have read several excellent stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much effort you place to make this sort of great informative site. Also visit my website; web hosting there (tinyurl.com)
    匿名2021-08-10 06:25
  24. When someone writes an piece of writing he/she maintains the idea of a user in his/her mind that how a user can understand it. Thus that's why this piece of writing is outstdanding. Thanks! Also visit my webpage: ps4 games where (http://tinyurl.com/)
    匿名2021-08-11 08:32
  25. Excellent goods from you, man. I've be aware your stuff previous to and you are just extremely fantastic. I really like what you've obtained right here, really like what you are stating and the best way during which you are saying it. You are making it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it wise. I can't wait to read far more from you. This is really a wonderful website. Also visit my page :: ps4 games an (http://bitly.com)
    匿名2021-08-11 21:35
  26. What a data of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable know-how regarding unpredicted feelings. Also visit my website; web hosting the (tinyurl.com)
    匿名2021-08-12 07:09