最新消息显示在全站导航条下方,非常给力的推广位置

《周易》第十九卦,地泽临

易经正解 昌达空间 1546℃ 0评论

【绪言】

  六十四卦第十九卦是《地泽临》。六爻纳甲法属于坤宫第三卦,五行属土。

  上一卦是《山风蛊》,花花世界,鱼龙混杂,事端频生。天下乱,圣人出,制定法律法规,加以约束,因此,此卦为《地泽临》。

  君临天下,巡察民间,天下百姓驻足观望,聆听教诲,因此,第二十卦是《风地观》。

  此卦讲的是政治风向。新一届领导执政之初,官民不免摇摆不定,暗自揣测。

  《临》卦,从上向下看。寓意强大、统治、治理、到达、传达、吩咐、命令。

  卦象叙述方式:体恤民众,感化人心;甜言蜜语,隐藏事务;亲自走进群众中间,体察民情;普及知识,提升民众文化水平;呕心沥血,勤政为民。

地泽临.jpg

【卦辞】

  卦辞:临,元亨利贞。至于①八月②有凶。

  译文

  卦辞:临卦,万事亨通,适宜持续下去。但是,到了八月份不吉利。

  ①至于:到达。②八月:八月份。详见辨析。

  辨析

  1.八月:指十二消息卦。泰卦一月、大壮二月、夬卦三月、乾卦四月、逅卦五月、随卦六月、否卦七月、观卦八月、剥卦九月、坤卦十月、复卦十一月、临卦十二月。如图。

  2.所谓消息,即生死,事物从生到灭的一个过程。坤卦阴极,一阳始生,代表万物复苏,称作息;乾卦阳极,一阴始生,代表万物枯萎,称作消。

   十二消息卦的详细解释,请点击:十二辟卦与四时

十二辟卦变化示意图.jpg

  彖曰:临,刚浸而长①。说而顺②,刚中而应③,大亨以正④,天之道也。至于八月有凶,消不久也⑤。

  译文

  彖曰:临卦,阳爻息阴,阴爻减退,象征正义的力量逐渐增加。下卦为兑为悦,上卦为坤为顺,刚正与阴柔遥相呼应。因此,万事亨通是用正义换来的,这是自然界的运行法则。到了八月份不吉利,因为过不了多久就开始消阳了。

  ①刚浸而长:阳刚逐渐增加。浸,逐渐。长,读zhǎng,增加。②说而顺:喜悦而又顺利。③刚中而应:阳刚与阴柔相呼应。④大亨以正:之所以万事亨通,原因在于符合四季的运行法则。正,准则,合乎规律。⑤消不久也:过不了多久就开始消阳了。

  辨析

  1.以正:符合一年四季的运行规律,比喻用正义的行为。以,利用。正,合乎四季运行规律,比喻正义。

  2.所谓息阴,指阳气上升,阴气消减。息阴之时,万物生长,比喻正能量。

  3.所谓消阳,指阴气下降,阳气退去。消阳之时,万物消灭,比喻负能量。所以才说:“至于八月有凶,消不久也。”

  4.息阴消阳,宇宙的运行规律。春夏秋冬,无限循环,任何人也无法置身其外。

 

  象曰:泽上有地,临。君子以教思无穷①,容保民无疆②。

  译文

  象曰:下卦为兑为沼泽,上卦为坤为大地,地下纳水,称作临卦。作为君子,由此受到启发,从而,永远心怀百姓,爱护百姓,千方百计地教化和引导百姓。

  ①教思无穷:竭力忧民教民。教,教民。思,忧民。无穷,没有止境,形容尽最大的力量,永远。②容保民无疆:永远宽容民众爱护民众。无疆,无边,形容永远。

  

【爻辞】

  初九:咸①临②,贞吉。

  象曰:咸临贞吉,志③行正也。

  译文

  初九:以感化来治理天下,把纯正的执政理念坚持下去,吉利。

  象曰:以感化来治理天下,把纯正的执政理念坚持下去。之所以吉利,那是因为自己决心走正确的道路。

  ①咸:感化。②临:治理。③志:立志,决心。

 

  九二:咸临,吉无不利。

  象曰:咸临,吉无不利,未顺命也①。

  译文

  九二:以感化来治理天下,吉祥,没有任何不利。

  象曰:以感化来治理天下,吉祥。之所以没有任何不利,那是因为自己挣脱了命运的枷锁,没有按照命运的安排去做。

  ①未顺命也:九二爻因爻阳位,不正。寓意挣脱命运的枷锁,没有顺从命运的安排。

 

  六三:甘①临,无攸利。既②忧之,无咎。

  象曰:甘临,位不当也③。既忧之,咎不长也。

  译文

  六三:只听好话来治理天下,那没任何好处。事后立即悔悟,就不至于犯下错误。

  象曰:只听好话来治理天下,这是他们的地位卑微,不敢说实话。事后立即悔悟,才不至于把错误的做法持续下去。

  ①甘:甘言,言辞悦耳。《左傳·昭十一年》:“币重而言甘。”②既忧:事后产生忧患思想。既,事后,立即。忧,忧患,指悔悟。③位不当也:所处的位置不恰当。

  辨析

  1.所谓甘临,只说好听话,报喜不报忧。这种人往往是领导身边的人,或是地方官员,面对领导,言辞悦耳,说的多是奉承话。

  地方小官地位卑微,根本不敢实话实说,这也很正常。比如,国家领导人到地方视察,听的都是恭维的好话,没有一个地方官员持反对意见,或是当面直谏。再如,五十年代末期的大跃进,鲁山县一颗红薯重达百斤、西平县小麦亩产双千斤,当时上了《人民日报》。这类不切实际的好听话,听起来顺耳,但却蒙蔽了领导的双眼,这就叫“甘临”。

  2.既忧之:幡然悔悟的意思。

  3.位不当也:六三爻阳位阴爻,失位。六三爻远离六五爻,相当于地方小官,地位卑微,不敢讲实话。

 

  六四:至临①,无咎。

  象曰:至临无咎,位当也。

  译文

  六四:干群同甘共苦,这才不会有错。

  象曰:干群同甘共苦,自己所处的位置就应该这样做。

  ①至临:亲自到达现场。至,亲自。临,面临、面对。形容干群生活在一起。又喻示体察民情,尽量满足。所以,至临又有给予恩惠的意思。

  辨析

  所谓至临,就是身临其境,亲眼看到的意思。按照今天的话说,就是“到群众中去,与人民同吃同住同工作”。再如,微服私访,体察民情。亲眼目睹,胸有成竹,不偏听偏信,以防地方官员欺上瞒下,这就是“至临”。

 

  六五:知①临,大君之宜②,吉。

  象曰:大君之宜,行中之谓也③。

  译文

  六五:把知识教给大家,这正是君王所应该做的,吉祥。

  象曰:君王应该这样做,意思是这样做最恰当。

  ①知:智慧,才识。②大君之宜:君王应该这样做。宜,适当。③行中之谓也:是说做法正当。行,执政。中,正确。谓,意思是。

  辨析

  1.所谓知临,知识降临,就是普及教育的意思。比如1952年,我国开展大规模扫盲运动,让老百姓认字学文化,就是“知临”。大街上张贴的《安全用电宣传画》,也是“知临”。《法制宣传画》,也是“知临”。

  2.行中:做法正当。中,指六五爻,在上卦中间,所以用“中”比喻正确。

 

  上六:敦①临,吉,无咎。

  象曰:敦临之吉,志在内也。

  译文

  上六:工作在一线,踏实勤勉,吉利,不会出现过失。

  象曰:工作在一线,踏实勤勉,之所以吉利,原因在于这种做风是发自内心的。

  ①敦:踏实勤勉。

  辨析

  1.所谓敦临,就是踏实勤奋,务实从真。上六爻,是全卦的最上爻,喻示第一线。比如周恩来总理,始终工作在第一线,心胸宽广,勤政为民,无论是国际风云,还是国民生计,他都要认真思考,做出正确的决策,这就是标准的“敦临”。周总理说:自己就是人民的总服务员。”这是周总理发自内心的话。所以,象辞才说“志在内也”。

  2.爻辞说“吉利”,为何又说“不会犯错”?听起来有些重复,其实不然。上六爻高于君王,所作所为略不恰当就会出错。所以,只有做到“敦临”,才会吉利。不然,就会出错。周总理工作在第一线,日理万机,夜以继日,辛勤操劳,直至生命的最后一刻。其本人毫无私心杂念,自然是吉利的。

 

转载请注明:贞吉网 » 《周易》第十九卦,地泽临

喜欢 (1)

您必须 登录 才能发表评论!

(28)个小伙伴在吐槽
  1. It's actually a nice and helpful piece of info. I'm glad that you just shared this useful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing. asmr 0mniartist
    匿名2021-04-12 04:36
  2. You are so cool! I don't suppose I have read a single thing like this before. So good to find another person with some genuine thoughts on this subject matter. Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is needed on the web, someone with some originality! 0mniartist asmr (bitly.com)
    匿名2021-04-15 00:23
  3. I've read several just right stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much attempt you set to make such a magnificent informative web site. 0mniartist asmr - bitly.com,
    匿名2021-04-16 07:56
  4. Thanks for finally writing about > 《周易》第十九卦,地泽临 – 贞吉网 < Liked it! Feel free to surf to my web site - was gamefly
    匿名2021-04-28 11:50
  5. I'd like to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing this website. I really hope to see the same high-grade content by you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my very own site now 😉 Here is my page :: where asmr
    匿名2021-04-29 11:37
  6. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a appropriate deal. I have been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered brilliant transparent concept Also visit my web blog :: asmr there
    匿名2021-04-29 12:11
  7. My brother suggested I might like this web site. He used to be entirely right. This put up actually made my day. You cann't consider simply how so much time I had spent for this info! Thank you! My website :: asmr in
    匿名2021-04-29 21:28
  8. Thanks for sharing your info. I truly appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your further write ups thank you once again. Feel free to visit my webpage - this gamefly
    匿名2021-05-04 05:46
  9. I am truly thankful to the holder of this site who has shared this enormous paragraph at at this time. Also visit my webpage - is asmr
    匿名2021-05-04 16:57
  10. Wonderful post however , I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject? I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit further. Many thanks! Feel free to visit my web blog - asmr (j.mp)
    匿名2021-05-07 15:29
  11. hi!,I love asmr your writing very so much! share we be in contact more approximately your post on AOL? I need a specialist in this house to resolve my problem. May be that's you! Having a look ahead to look you.
    匿名2021-05-08 09:22
  12. I believe everything composed made a lot of sense. But, what about this? what if you were to write a awesome headline? I mean, I don't want to tell you how to run your website, but suppose you added something to maybe get people's attention? I mean 《周易》第十九卦,地泽临 – 贞吉网 is a little vanilla. You could glance at Yahoo's front page and watch how they write news headlines to grab viewers to open the links. You might add a video or a picture or two to get people interested about what you've got to say. In my opinion, it might make your blog a little livelier. My web page :: was asmr
    匿名2021-05-09 09:05
  13. scoliosis I love it whenever people come together and share ideas. Great website, stick with it! scoliosis (http://bitly.com/3uPryvg)
    匿名2021-05-15 16:02
  14. scoliosis (www.crokes.com) This post is worth everyone's attention. Where can I find out more? scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-17 02:36
  15. free dating sites What i don't understood is in fact how you're no longer actually a lot more well-appreciated than you might be now. You're very intelligent. You realize therefore considerably in relation to this subject, produced me for my part imagine it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women are not interested unless it's one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. All the time handle it up! dating sites https://785days.tumblr.com/
    匿名2021-05-20 07:30
  16. dating sites Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I'd figured I'd ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My website goes over a lot of the same subjects as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other. If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Great blog by the way! free dating sites Also visit my web-site: https://6869milesoflove.tumblr.com/
    匿名2021-05-20 19:46
  17. Hi there, yes this paragraph is really fastidious and I have learned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging. thanks. Here is my webpage where asmr
    匿名2021-05-21 16:29
  18. Thanks for another informative website. Where else may just I am getting that kind of information written in such an ideal way? I've dating sites a mission that I'm simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such info.
    匿名2021-05-27 00:14
  19. If some one needs expert view regarding blogging after that i propose him/her to go to see this blog, Keep up the nice job. my web site; and free dating sites
    匿名2021-05-27 01:31
  20. Nice post. I used to be checking constantly this weblog and I am impressed! Very useful info particularly the ultimate part 🙂 I take care of such information much. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time. Thanks and best of luck. My web page ... where dating sites
    匿名2021-05-29 16:16
  21. Great work! This is the kind of info that should be shared across the web. Disgrace on the search engines for not positioning this put up higher! Come on over and talk over with my web site . Thank you =) Feel free to surf to my web-site ... a surgery scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-31 05:06
  22. What's up colleagues, how is everything, and what you wish for to say on the topic of this paragraph, in my view its actually amazing for me. Here is my web page :: there surgery scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-31 07:02
  23. Having read this I thought it was really informative. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this information together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worthwhile! Look into my page; dating sites the
    匿名2021-06-01 01:42
  24. This paragraph gives clear idea in favor of the new viewers of blogging, that really how to do running a blog. Also visit my web blog :: it dating sites
    匿名2021-06-01 06:16
  25. It is truly a great and useful piece of info. I'm glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.
    匿名2021-06-01 17:30
  26. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO? I'm trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I'm not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share. Cheers! Here is my blog: web hosting this - tinyurl.com -
    匿名2021-08-10 03:49
  27. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this website. I am hoping to view the same high-grade content from you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own, personal site now 😉 my site; it ps4 games (bit.ly)
    匿名2021-08-11 14:04
  28. I've been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours today, but I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours. It is pretty value enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content material as you probably did, the web can be much more useful than ever before. Have a look at my webpage ... what ps4 games - http://j.mp/ -
    匿名2021-08-11 16:48