最新消息显示在全站导航条下方,非常给力的推广位置

《周易》第二卦,坤为地

易经正解 昌达空间 2408℃ 0评论

   【绪言】

    六十四卦第二卦,是《坤为地》。六爻纳甲法是坤宫第一卦,属土。

    第一卦《乾为天》,清气上升,空气流通,为天。《乾》卦六爻全阳。六阳爻全部变为阴爻,即《坤》卦。

    《坤》卦,寓意包容、承受、顺从、被动、下降、收敛、吝惜、谦逊、仁爱。

    卦象叙述方式:用冰霜和大地来模拟人生。

   【卦辞】

  卦辞:坤为地,元亨①,利牝马之贞②。君子有攸往③,先迷④后得主⑤,利。西南得朋,东北丧朋⑥,安贞⑦,吉。
  译文:坤卦,代表地。顺从天道,应该像母马那样始终坚守纯贞。当你有所向往的时候,起初可能茫然不知所措,但最后一定会找到事物的根本,选对方针和策略,有好处。去西南方能够得到朋友相助,去东北方则会搞得无亲无靠。坚守节操,安分守己,才会吉利。
  ①元亨,天道开创,地道翕受,才会亨通。这里的元亨不同于乾卦的元亨。元,指乾卦的元。亨,具备了元,坤卦才能亨。②牝马之贞:像母马那样操守纯正。③有攸往:有所向往、有所打算。④迷:茫然,失去判断力。这是在阐释阴柔的性情。比如女孩子婚姻,20岁左右都会感到茫然。遇到了合适的人,便有了靠山。⑤得主:得到了事物的根本。⑥西南得朋,东北丧朋:此句源自商周历史。西周多仁义,势力范围在西南方(陕西岐山)。商朝多不义,势力范围在东北方(河南鹤壁)。所以,周文王说,去西南有朋友相帮,到了东北,等于到了虎狼之窝。⑦安贞:安分守己,保持纯贞。

  彖曰:至①哉坤元,万物资生②,乃顺承天③。坤厚载物④,德合⑤无疆⑥。含弘⑦光大⑧,品物咸亨。牝马地类,行地无疆,柔顺利贞。君子攸行,先迷失道,后顺得常。西南得朋,乃与类行⑨;东北丧朋,乃终有庆⑩。安贞之吉,应地无疆。
  译文:至善至美的地,是资生万物的根本,因为地道顺承天道的运转。大地深厚,承载万物,德性广合,无穷无尽。大地所蕴育的一切,都能使它们成长壮大,发挥应有的作用。如此,天下才能亨通畅达。母马与大地同属阴性,在无边无际的大地上奔跑,它们适宜把阴柔的品德坚持下去。君子有所向往,起初可能没有判断力,选错了道路,但是,如果能顺应大势,最后就能过上安适如常的太平日子。西南方得到朋友,原因在于志同道合。东北方虽然失去朋友,也不要灰心丧气,终究还会得到幸福。之所以安分守贞会带来吉祥,正是应了大地无疆的品德。
  ①至:表示达到某程度。②万物资生:万物凭借它而生长。③顺承天:顺受天道的法则。④坤厚载物:大地深厚,承载万物。⑤德合:德行相配。德:品德、行为。合,交媾、配合、和谐。⑥无疆:无边无际,形容没有止境。⑦含弘:包藏万物,并化育生长。含,包含,有孕育的意思。弘,广大、深远。⑧光大:使之发挥作用。光,动词,使之荣耀。大,形容词,指作用大。⑨类行,与同类共事。⑩庆:福分。

  象曰:地势坤,君子以厚德载物。
  译文:坤卦,代表大地。君子的品德应像大地一样深厚,承载万物。

坤为地.jpg

  爻辞】
  初六:①履霜,坚冰至。
  象曰:履霜坚冰,阴始凝也。驯②致③其道④,至坚冰也。
  译文
  初六:走在薄霜上,预示结冰的季节就快来到了。
  象曰:能够走在薄霜上,说明阴气才刚刚凝结。天道提示,结冰的季节就要到了。

  ①履:动词,行走。②驯:教导,顺从。③致:到。④道,天道。这里指天时。

  六二:直①方②大③,不习④,无不利。
  象曰:六二之动,直以方也。不习无不利,地道光⑤也。
  译文
  六二:平直、方正、辽阔是大地的特性,她默默无闻,用不着像动物一样地学习和训练,没有任何不吉利。
  象曰:预测用到第二爻的时候,预示端正无邪。不用学习和训练,是因为大地原本就有发扬光大的特性。

  ①直:前视是一条直线,所以叫直。②方:农田是块状的,所以叫方。③大:无边无沿叫大。④习,反复训练,学习。⑤光:发扬光大。

  六三:含章①可贞②,或从王事③,无成有终④。
  象曰:含章可贞,以时发⑤也。或从王事,知光大⑥也。
  译文
  六三:坚持含蓄的品质,包容的心态,如果从事政务,即使没有显耀的成就,也会有个好结局。
  象曰:内在的才华,以待时机施展自己。如果从事政务,才华能让自己风光无限。

  ①含章:有德而不显,怀才而不露,指内在的修养。含,包含、隐藏。章,才华、美德。②可贞:适合坚持下去。可,适合。贞,坚持。③或从王事:如果从事国家政务。或,如果。④无成有终:没有成就但有一个好结果。成,成绩,显要的地位。终,《礼·檀弓》君子曰终,小人曰死。指好的结局。⑤时发,随着时间的推移,展露出来。发,展现,被发现。比如姜子牙,八十岁遇文王,正是“以时发也”。⑥知:智慧、见识。

  六四:括①囊②,无咎无誉③。
  象曰:括囊无咎,慎不害也。
  译文
  六四:做人要谨言,就像扎紧口袋一样,虽没什么光荣,但也不至于犯错。
  象曰:扎紧口袋没错,谨言慎行是不会有害的。

  ①括:绑扎。②囊:布袋。③誉:荣誉。

  六五:黄裳①,元吉。
  象曰:黄裳元吉,文②在中③也。
  译文
  六五:身穿黄色的服饰,原本就吉利。
  象曰:黄色的服装很吉利,因为它象征一个人内在的美德。

  ①黄裳:黄色的下衣。②文:《史记·諡法》:经纬天地曰文,道德博闻曰文,勤学好问曰文,慈惠爱民曰文,愍民惠礼曰文,锡民爵位曰文。③中:上卦的中爻。代指心灵。

  上六:龙①战于野②,其血玄黄③。
  象曰:龙战於野,其道穷④也。
  译文
  上六:皇帝迎战于郊野,血流成河。
  象曰:皇帝迎战于郊野,国祚到了尽头。

  ①龙:龙在天上。阴六上升到了最高位,接近了天。因此,龙被动出战。比喻帝王。②野:郊野。指首都附近。敌人打到了京城近郊,皇帝出城迎战。③其血玄黄:他们血流成河。玄黄,天色为玄,地色为黄。颜色混杂,形容血流成河。④其道穷:他的统治到了尽头。道,代指政治路线,治国方针。

  用六:利永贞。
  象曰:用六永贞,以大终②也。
  译文
  用六:天变地,地变天,天地交泰,万物生长。这种状态利于永远持续下去。
  象曰:永远持续天地交泰的状态,原因在于新的一年就要重新开始。

  
①用六:在六十四卦中,《乾》卦第一,代表天,附有“用九”;《坤卦》第二,代表地,附有“用六”。其余卦象则无此条。所谓用,是使用、用到、派上用场的意思。所谓六,在八卦中,凡属于阴爻,均以六表示。《坤卦》六个爻全是阴性,所以,叫用六。
  《坤卦》附加一个用六,有三层含义。第一,当《坤卦》的六个爻全动时,阴爻变阳爻,就成了《乾卦》。第二,说明天地相互依存,不可分离。第三,《坤卦》为地,附加一个用六,寓意地下有地。也就是说,在这个世界上,不只是人类所认知的一个时空。详细参阅《乾卦》。
  ②以大终:因为这一年过完了,预示新的一年即将开始。以,因为。终,是冬季的尽头,寓意本年即将结束,新年即将开始。以大终,阐释了地球运转的法则。一年365日,春夏秋冬四季更替。到了冬季,一年就要结束。地球重新承接太阳的光照,新的一年开始,所以叫大。

 

转载请注明:贞吉网 » 《周易》第二卦,坤为地

喜欢 (5)

您必须 登录 才能发表评论!

(29)个小伙伴在吐槽
  1. 不错
    匿名2020-07-17 21:52
  2. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this article and the rest of the website is really good. asmr 0mniartist
    匿名2021-04-12 03:10
  3. I truly love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you make this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as I'm hoping to create my own website and would like to find out where you got this from or just what the theme is named. Appreciate it! asmr [bit.ly] 0mniartist
    匿名2021-04-15 04:38
  4. When someone writes an paragraph he/she retains the thought of a user in his/her brain that how a user can be aware of it. Therefore that's why this paragraph is perfect. Thanks! 0mniartist asmr (http://bit.ly)
    匿名2021-04-16 09:41
  5. What's up to every body, it's my first pay a visit of this website; this web site consists of remarkable and actually excellent data in favor of readers. My web site ... gamefly there
    匿名2021-04-28 11:35
  6. Heya i'm for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me. my blog post: asmr but
    匿名2021-04-29 09:13
  7. Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group? There's a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content. Please let me know. Thanks Look at my blog post: asmr when
    匿名2021-04-29 11:11
  8. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I'll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly. Also visit my page; asmr why
    匿名2021-04-30 01:21
  9. Awesome blog! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers? I'm planning to start my own site soon but I'm a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a free platform like Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I'm totally overwhelmed .. Any tips? Thank you! Here is my webpage; gamefly our
    匿名2021-05-04 09:48
  10. Your way of explaining everything in this post is actually good, all be capable of easily understand it, Thanks a lot. Also visit my web page :: asmr that
    匿名2021-05-04 14:30
  11. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be exciting to read through content from other writers and practice a little something from other web sites. Here is my blog asmr (http://j.mp/)
    匿名2021-05-07 19:57
  12. Howdy! I'm at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone 4! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the outstanding work! Look at my website - or asmr
    匿名2021-05-08 17:39
  13. Hello my loved one! I wish to say that this post is amazing, nice written and come with approximately all important infos. I would like to see more posts like this . my site or asmr
    匿名2021-05-09 10:36
  14. scoliosis Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I've truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I'll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon! scoliosis (bitly.com)
    匿名2021-05-15 21:46
  15. scoliosis, http://www.crokes.com/scoliosis/profile, I visited many web pages but the audio quality for audio songs existing at this web page is genuinely excellent. scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-17 02:56
  16. scoliosis (bit.ly) Spot on with this write-up, I really feel this website needs much more attention. I'll probably be back again to read through more, thanks for the advice! scoliosis
    匿名2021-05-19 19:45
  17. dating sites This is really attention-grabbing, You're a very skilled blogger. I've joined your rss feed and look ahead to in the hunt for more of your great post. Additionally, I have shared your website in my social networks https://785days.tumblr.com/ dating sites
    匿名2021-05-20 05:49
  18. dating sites Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; many of us have created some nice practices and we are looking to exchange techniques with others, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested. dating sites Feel free to visit my blog ... https://6869milesoflove.tumblr.com/
    匿名2021-05-20 17:50
  19. Hi Dear, are you actually visiting this website daily, if so after that you will without doubt take nice knowledge. My blog; asmr on
    匿名2021-05-21 19:45
  20. It's a shame you don't have a donate button! I'd without a doubt donate to this fantastic blog! I suppose for now i'll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group. Chat soon! Take a look at my page :: dating sites that
    匿名2021-05-26 15:57
  21. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. There's no doubt that that you need to write more about this issue, it might not be a dating sites taboo subject but typically folks don't discuss these subjects. To the next! Kind regards!!
    匿名2021-05-27 00:51
  22. I savor, cause I found exactly what I used to be taking a look for. You've ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye Have a look at my site; or dating sites
    匿名2021-05-30 00:00
  23. Hi there! I'm at work browsing your blog from surgery scoliosis my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the great work!
    匿名2021-05-31 06:35
  24. Hi there! Do you use Twitter? I'd like to follow you if that would be okay. I'm definitely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates. Here is my blog - scoliosis surgery why
    匿名2021-05-31 16:15
  25. In fact when someone doesn't understand after that its up to other people that they will assist, so here it happens. my web-site free dating sites what
    匿名2021-06-01 07:28
  26. of course like your web site but you need to test the spelling on free dating sites quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very troublesome to tell the truth however I will surely come again again.
    匿名2021-06-01 10:24
  27. It's difficult to find experienced people about this subject, however, you sound like you know what you're talking about! Thanks My web blog ... web hosting but (http://tinyurl.com/)
    匿名2021-08-10 05:46
  28. Wow, this article is fastidious, my sister is analyzing such things, so I am going to let know her. my web page - ps4 games their (tinyurl.com)
    匿名2021-08-11 06:16
  29. Thankfulness to my father who told me concerning this website, this blog is truly amazing. Check out my homepage was ps4 games - http://bitly.com/ -
    匿名2021-08-11 19:55