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探秘河图与洛书(下)

天象观星 昌达空间 1119℃ 0评论

 

本文目录

1、《洛书》简介

2、先天八卦

3、风水中的先天八卦

4、先天八卦排列原理                                     

5、八卦相错

6、后天八卦排列原理

7、阴阳五行生旺墓过程

8、地支三合原理

9、地支六合原理

10、地支相冲原理

 

1.《洛书》简介

     传说《河图》出自伏羲氏,伏羲氏是新石器时代的帝王,距今约8000年之前;《洛书》出自大禹,大禹是新石器晚期的帝王,距今约4000年之前。两幅图相差4000年之久,其内涵相承演变但也有不同之处。《河图》的内涵没有八卦的概念,只隐含四象,太阳、太阴、少阳、少阴;也没有八方的概念,只有东、南、西、北四方;没有干支的说法,只隐含金、木、水、火、土五行。而《洛书》的内涵隐含了八卦,明示了八方。所以说,《洛书》是《河图》延伸,《河图》是《洛书》成因。

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    《河图》没有八卦的概念,伏羲先天八卦是怎么画出来的?可以肯定的说,那是后人依据《河图》模糊的寓意画出来的,为了渲染奥秘,附会到了伏羲氏名下。

     文王后天八卦完全与《洛书》相吻合。《洛书》产生了八方,随之八卦诞生;四正方象征四季,四维方象征四季的过渡阶段,并且,依据干支属性分配八方。

    《洛书》黑白点总计45个,其中白点为阳,共25个、黑点为阴,共20个,阳多阴少。《河图》黑白点总计55个,黑点30个,白点25个,阳少阴多。从这一特征来看,《洛书》更关注人类,或说《河图》主要揭秘宇宙奥秘,《洛书》主要揭示人类生存奥秘。

    两幅图的阴阳分布也不一样。《河图》讲究阴中抱阳,阳中含阴,而《洛书》则是阴阳各占一方,并且阴与阴相对,阳与阳相对。在右图中可以看到,四维方为阴,四正方为阳。并且,纵横相加都是15数。例如,南方9+北方1+中央5=15 ;又如,西南2+东北8+中央5=15。

假如,抛除中央五数,纵横相加都是10数。这到底是什么意思呢?为什么5数、10数和15数,与人类有如此大的关系呢?千百年来,无数的学者乐此不疲,绞尽脑汁也弄不出个所以然来。

   其实,还有很多数值得领悟。例如,九数为阳极之数,六数为阴极之数,因此,卦爻才有九三、六二、初六、初九……的叫法。我们常听人说的九五之尊,也是来自于这里。

 

2.先天八卦

   先天八卦式的数理与《河图》不相吻合。

   卦序是:一乾、二兑、三离、四震、五巽、六坎、七艮、八坤。

   四阴卦:坤、巽、离、兑    四阳卦:乾、震、坎、艮

   那么,八卦阴阳是依据什么定性的?这个很好解释,是依据两幅古图“奇数为阳,偶数为阴”的原则来定性的。如右图,《离》卦,总计四笔,四是偶数,故为阴卦。又如《乾》卦,总计三笔,三是奇数,故为阳卦。

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3.风水中的先天八卦

   三合风水中规定:乾、坤、离、坎为四阳卦;兑、巽、震、艮为四阴卦。

   那么,三合风水的依据是什么?从《洛书》的阴阳分布可以看出,东、南、南、北四方为白点,为阳;东北、西北、东南、西南四方为黑点,为阴。例如,《离》卦,在东方有三个白点,故而为阳。又如《震》卦,在东北方有八个黑点,故而为阴。

 

4.先天八卦排列原理

  《易•说卦传》说:“天地定位,山泽通气,雷风相搏,水火不相射,八卦相错,数往者顺,知来者逆,是故易逆数也”。

   乾在上,为天,为高空;坤在下,为地,所以说:天地定位;

   兑在东南,为水,为海洋;艮在西北,为山,为丘陵。中国东南是全球最大的海洋—太平洋,约占地球总面积3分之1,西北则是山岭大陆,一直延伸到北欧大陆架。中国气候多以东南暖湿气流和西北冷气流相遇为雨雪。所以说:山泽通气;

   震在东北方,为雷,为闪电、巽在西南方,为风。冷暖气流相遇形成云团,风力促成云团上下翻滚,形成带有正负电极的雷雨云,电极短路,云层剧烈放电现象,所以说:雷风相薄;薄,通搏,物体相撞。

   离在东方,为太阳,为温暖、坎在西方,为月亮,为寒冷。太阳出自东方,地表温度渐渐升高,太阳落于西山时,月亮慢慢地升起,地表温度也低下来,这是正反相对的两种天象,所以说:水火不相射。射,光芒照射。

 

5、八卦相错

    天地定位,乾与坤的组合为《天地否》,卦象倒过来是《地天泰》。

    山泽通气,兑与艮的组合为《泽山咸》,卦象倒过来是《山泽损》。

    雷风相薄,震与巽的组合为《雷风恒》,卦象倒过来是《风雷益》。

    水火不相射,坎与离的组合为《水火既济》,卦象倒过来是《火水未济》。

    人们常说八八六十四卦,此处为何单单提及这八个卦呢?难道这八个卦有什么特殊的意义?

   《天地否》寓意天地闭塞,64卦第12卦;《地天泰》寓意天地感应,64卦第11卦。

   《泽山咸》寓意心灵相通,64卦第31卦;《山泽损》寓意减 少,64卦第41卦。

   《雷风恒》寓意持久,64卦第32卦;《风雷益》寓意收获进益,64卦第42卦。

   《水火既济》 寓意成功, 64卦第63卦;《火水未济》寓 意继续,64卦第64卦。

    有意思的现象出现了,从上面可以看到,天地会给人类带来灾难,更会带来国泰民安;虽然心心相印走到了一起颇感幸福,但在得到的同时,也失去了一部分;在艰难中保持恒心,一旦时机到来,一定会收益不菲;人类在某一阶段上虽有成就,但发展的脚步决不能停止,“活到老,干到死”。

    简单八个卦,道出了人间的酸甜苦辣!

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6、后天八卦排列原理

   后天八卦所包含的内容丰富起来。

   后天八卦式卦序:坎一、坤二、震三、巽四、五为中宫,乾六、兑七、艮八、离九。

   有关后天八卦的排列原因,《说卦传》第五节这样解释:“帝出乎震,齐乎巽,相见乎离,致役乎坤,说言乎兑,战乎乾,劳乎坎,成言乎艮”。帝,万物,代指庄稼。齐,整齐。相见,显现。致役,为人付出。说,高兴。战,借指阴阳交替的状态。劳,劳作。成,功成。

   这是对四季及万物生长过程的诠释。

  

7、阴阳五行生旺墓过程

   依据十二地支属性分别与八卦相配(如右图)。五行属性为阳时,四维方是长生和墓库之地,四正方则是帝旺之地,反过来,五行属性为阴时,四维方是帝旺和墓库之地,四正方则是长生之地。

   例如,阳金长生于巳、帝旺于酉、墓库于丑;

   阴金长生于子,帝旺于申,墓库于辰。

   又如,阳木长生于亥、帝旺于卯、墓库于未;

   阴木长生午,帝旺于寅,墓库于戌。

 6.jpg

8、地支三合原理

   申子辰三合  化水

   巳酉丑三合  化金

   亥卯未三合  化木

   寅午戌三合  化火

 

  十二地支

  子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戌、亥

  地支次序

  1、2、3、4、5、6、7、8、9、10、11、12
 

  例如申子辰合

  子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戌、亥
  从子顺数五位,是辰;从辰顺数到五位,是申。《洛书》的五数在中央,代表地球,地球是人类赖以生存的地方。

  从子顺数到申,总数是九,九数是阳极之数。
  当申子辰三合水局时,水到申长生、到子帝旺、到辰墓库,符合天地间自然之理。

7.jpg

9、地支六合

  子丑合化土

  寅亥合化木

  卯戌合化火

  辰酉合化金

  巳申合化水

  午未合化土
  《易经》曰:“太极生两仪,两仪生四象”,两仪者,天地也。六合先自天地开始,一阴一阳谓之道:子丑合、午未合。然后,生出四象:寅亥合,卯戌合,辰酉合,巳申合。

10、地支六冲
  子午、卯酉、寅申、巳亥、辰戌、丑未

  地支七位时,方位相对而逢冲。

                                         

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